A cat urinary blockage is nothing to close your eyes to. When a cat has a blocked urinary tract they are having a medical emergency. A blockage is a type of urinary tract disorder that primarily affects male cats. A cat with urinary blockage has developed an obstruction in his urethra, leaving him unable to urinate.
For your cat, urinary blockage can be very painful. If you suspect your cat is suffering from this condition, he should be seen by a veterinarian without delay. Cats with this problem can become very ill in a very short amount of time.
Why male cats are at risk:
A female cat's urethra is much shorter and broader as compared to a males. While this places females at greater risk for bladder infections, the shortened length helps protect them from a blockage. Male cats have a smaller urinary opening and even a tiny bladder stone can cause the urine to be blocked.
What causes a cat urinary blockage?
Bladder stones are usually the culprits when the blockage occurs. These stones are formed from minerals present in your cat's urine. In some cases, the mineral levels get too high in your cat's urine, and then the minerals start crystallizing into stones. These stones can vary in size--from the size of a single grain of sand, to a small pebble.
A cat with urinary blockage can have a single large stone, or dozens of smaller ones. A male cat has a narrow and long urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside). If he has even a few tiny bladder stones, there is good chance that he will develop a painful block.
Symptoms of Urinary Blockage:
* Going to litter box frequently
* Going to the litter box, but being unable to expel urine
* Crying out loud in pain while urinating
* Weakness or inability to stand
* Swollen belly caused by full bladder
Cat Urinary Blockage Treatment:
Your cat must be seen and treated by a vet. If your cat has a urinary blockage, your vet will try to remove the obstruction. A catheter will be inserted, to allow the urine to drain out of the bladder. Your vet will flush the catheter with sterile solution to remove or dislodge the blockage. Cats with this treatment usually need a brief hospital stay. The catheter will be fastened in place, and remain for a few days, until all stones are gone.
Once your cat is back at home he may be on antibiotics for days or weeks. Its common knowledge that antibiotics can weaken your cat's immune system and open the door for other problems.